Disperse dye textile ink for printing on polyester, polyester-blends, and synthetic fibers.

What are disperse dye inks?

Disperse dye inks are one of the five kinds of inks used to print onto textiles. Disperse dyes, just like pigments are non-soluble, and are used to print onto polyester based fabrics. Later heat is applied to fix the color onto the fabric; the dyes on this type of ink have the ability to become part of the fabric.

d-Gen Teleios printer at FESPA, Hamburg 2011
Chromoink disperse dye ink bottles for direct-to-fabric printing, APPPEXPO 2015

What are hydrophobic fibers?

Hydrophobic fibers are man-made fibers that absorb very small amounts of water, and retain its tensile properties while wet. This is why fibers such as polyester, nylon and acetate tend to dry very fast.

Wokflow for Disperse Dye Inks

The workflow for this type of ink is very simple: you print directly onto the fabric, and then the printed fabrics are sublimated.

There are two types of sublimation machines:

At the bottom of the printer (entry level machines)

d-Gen Teleios printer at FESPA, Hamburg 2011
SAER Csr 3200 direct-to-fabric textile printer, APPPEXPO 2015

Independent sublimation unit, about one or two meters away from the printer (sophisticated systems)

d-Gen Teleios printer at FESPA, Hamburg 2011
DigiHeat calender at DigiFab booth, SGIA 2014

Since the pigment adheres and become part of the fabric there is no need to wash these fabrics after sublimation.

What are the advantages of using disperse dye inks?

Disperse dyes produce nice and bright colors after being fixed, and there is less wastage than with dyes sublimation via transfer paper. Another advantage is that the workflow is less complicated than with other types of fabrics: fewer steps.


First posted May 2015 to provide even more complete coverage of textile printing workflow for 2015.


 


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